Palestine

   The geographical area of which part is occupied by the state of Israel. Palestine is one of the names for the territory that has also been known as the holy land or the land of Israel (Eretz Israel). The name is derived from the fact that it was called Palestina by the Greeks and the Romans because of the Philistines who lived in part of the region. During the period of Ottoman control, it was generally known by the Arabic Filastin, although it was part of the province of Syria. The League of Nations' Palestine mandate (see BRITISH MANDATE FOR PALESTINE) awarded to Great Britain included territory on both sides of the Jordan River, but Transjordan was soon separated, and only the area west of the river was referred to as the Palestine mandate between 1922 and 1948. With the establishment of Israel and the War of Independence (1948^49), Palestine ceased to exist as a geographical or political unit.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • PALESTINE — La Palestine, contrée aux limites mal définies et changeantes selon le cours de l’histoire, n’est que la partie méridionale de la région syro palestinienne – qui constitue, elle même, la corne occidentale du «Croissant fertile» –, voie de passage …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • PALESTINE — PALESTINE, one of the names of the territory of the southern Levant known as the Land of israel and much later as the Holy Land. The name Palestine was originally an adjective derived from Heb. פְּלֶׂשֶת, Peleshet (Isa 14:29, 31; see also Prst or …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Palestine — Palestine, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 741 Housing Units (2000): 321 Land area (2000): 3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine — ist die englische Schreibweise für Palästina und der Name mehrerer Orte in England: Palestine (Hampshire) in den USA: Palestine (Arkansas) Palestine (Illinois) Palestine (Ohio) Palestine (Texas) Palestine (West Virginia) Palestine ist weiterhin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palestine, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 741 Housing Units (2000): 321 Land area (2000): 3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1366 Housing Units (2000): 714 Land area (2000): 0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 170 Housing Units (2000): 73 Land area (2000): 0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 17598 Housing Units (2000): 7668 Land area (2000): 17.698861 sq. miles (45.839837 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.183332 sq. miles (0.474827 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.882193 sq. miles (46.314664 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine — from L. Palestina (name of a Roman province), from Gk. Palaistine (Herodotus), from Heb. Pelesheth Philistia, land of the Philistines. Revived as an official political territorial name 1920 with the British mandate. Under Turkish rule, Palestine… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Palestine [1] — Palestine, 1) Hauptort der Grafschaft Anderson im Staate Texas (Nordamerika); Seminar; 1200 Ew.; 2) Hauptort der Grafschaft Crawford im Staate Illinois …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Palestine [2] — Palestine, Schriftgattung, s. Schrift …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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